Blood Sugar is the concentration of Glucose in the Blood. Diabetes is the most frequently used word for Blood Sugar. If the Blood Sugar level is high during pregnancy, it is called Gestational Diabetes. About 2% to 10% of women develop Gestational Diabetes during pregnancy. If you have a family history of diabetes you are more prone to it. It gets back to normal after giving birth to the baby. Here are a few tips as to how to reduce Blood Sugar levels in pregnancy.
- Avoid Sugar:
You need to completely cut down sugar when you come to know that you have Gestational diabetes. Say NO to Sweets, Sugar Free powder/tablets, Juices. You can take Honey or Jaggery as a substitute for Sugar.
- Reduce carbohydrates:
It is better to reduce carbohydrates when you have Gestational Diabetes. The first thing that strikes me when I think of Carbohydrates is Potatoes. So avoid high carbohydrate foods. My doctor suggests adding rice to any one meal rather than 3 meals.
- Follow diet:
A healthy diet can help control diabetes. So, you need to develop a meal plan. Your doctor will give you a particular diet based on your blood sugar levels, age and overall health. It is better to follow it. You need to increase the number of meals you take from 3 to 6. Eating more frequently prevents sugar levels going down. Have healthy small meals.
- Avoid sweet fruits:
When you have gestational diabetes you need to avoid the fruits which are sweet. Banana, Supota, Mango, Pineapple, Custard apple are the fruits which fall under this category. Take fibre rich foods like oranges when you have high blood sugar. It is better to consume the fruit as a whole than having it in the form of juice.
Exercise/ Yoga helps reduce blood sugar. When stress levels increase, blood sugar levels also increase. Yoga acts as a good Diabetic stress reducer. So exercise/ yoga daily or you can also go for a walk during pregnancy to minimize gestational diabetes.
- Frequent Monitoring:
You need to monitor your blood sugar levels frequently to ensure that you are not at high risk of Gestational diabetes. Your doctor may advice you as to how to check diabetes at home or you may go to the nearby hospital/ clinic to get the check up done.